Uterine Fibroid

Nowadays a number of women suffer from formation of fibroids in uterus.Uterine fibroids are non-malignant tumors of the uterus, affecting about 20% of the female population over the age of 35. Fibroids can vary in size, shape, position and number, some causing symptoms of pressure and uterine enlargement, while others are small and discrete. Uterine fibroids are composed of dense muscular fibers arranged in circular layers, and encapsulated in a layer of smooth muscle. Fibroids may be located within the uterus (intrauterine), in the wall of the uterus (myometrial), or outside of the uterus (extra uterine). Intrauterine fibroids can inhibit fertility by interfering with implantation. Myometrial fibroids can place pressure on adjacent organs, and in some cases, can affect renal function by placing pressure upon the ureters. Extrauterine fibroids are located under the serous membrane of the uterus, and can be on or near the fallopian tubes and can affect fertility.

Types of Fibroid:
Fibroids are of two basic types. They can be discrete, fibrous, encapsulated and roughly spherical in shape, or can be large pendunculated fibroids. The former are usually of little concern, and although they should be monitored, do not present any problems. Preventative measures, such as the use of phytoestrogens should be encouraged however. Large pendunculated fibroids are of concern due to the likelihood of torsion. Such an event is very painful and may require immediate surgery. Such fibroids are also associated with an increased risk of malignancy.

Causes of Fibroid:
Although the specific causes of fibroids remain uncertain, it is known that they are dependent upon estrogen for their growth. Insufficient exercise, excess food intake, low thyroid function all may contribute to fibroid formations. Stress and sadness associated with issues of maternity and conception is also considered to be responsible for fibroid formations

Uterine Fibroid According to Ayurveda

According to ayurveda, fibroid is growth in mamsadhatu of uterus. According to ancient texts, mamsarbuda means growth in muscles and connective tissue. Fibroid often manifests itself as excessive bleeding and hence this should be treated as 'Yoni-vyapad' (group of disorders related to female reproductive system).

Ayurvedic Treatment of Uterine Fibroid:
Uterine fibroids are considered mostly a kapha-accumulation disorder, but often involve pitta and vata displacements also, in which case the patient may be considered as pre-cancerous. Therefore, treatment must be deep-acting to balance the tri-dosha and must be sufficiently sustained over time to eradicated slow-moving kapha.The fibroids can be dissolved by diet, lifestyle changes and Yoga .