Polycystic ovarian syndrome, also known as Polycystic ovarian disease or PCOD is a very common female health complaint. The word “Syndrome” is used to describe the PCOD because, it is a complex manifestation involving many factors and organs such as – obesity, insulin resistance, irregular menstrual bleeding (in most cases, excessive menstrual bleeding), abnormal menstrual periods & cycle, lack of ovum production (anovulation) etc..

PCOS is a common female endocrine disorder affecting approximately 5- 12% of women.It causes worry as it is commonly found in reproductive age ; also it is thought to be one of the leading cause of female infertility.
Organs involved in Polycystic Ovary disease
1. Ovary – the female gonad organ, present at the either sides of the uterus.
2. adrenal glands – The glands which are placed just above the both the kidneys.
3. Pancreas – Gland that produces insulin in our body.
4. Pituitary gland – the gland just below the brain, which is responsible for all the hormonal control.

What happens in PCOD?
There is increased production of Androgen (a hormone) by the ovaries, which suppresses the maturation of ovarian follicles (ovarian follicles lead to ovum). So, ovum does not get properly formed and released (anouvlation). Remember that ovum meets with the sperm during intercourse leading to conception. So, in a case of PCOD, the lady usually will be having problem with conception.