Male – Female Infertility

INFERTILITY is the inability to conceive after one year of unprotected intercourse. Women who are able to get pregnant but then have repeated miscarriages are also said to be infertile. Infertility affects approximately 10% of people of reproductive age1, and 15% of couples. In 40% of infertility cases, the cause of infertility is the man; another 40% of cases involve a female factor; and 10% of the cases involve both sexes.

Male infertility
Common male infertility factors include azoospermia (no sperm cells are produced), asthenozoospermia (decreased motility of sperm) and oligospermia (few sperm cells are produced). Sometimes, sperms are deformed or die before they reach the egg.

Now a days every another woman is suffering from one or the other gynaecological problems like painful menstruation, irregular menstruation, over bleeding, PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease), Uterine prolapse, Fibroids, Cancer etc. So we have to think what is the cause for all these problems. If collectively we see according to Ayurvedic classics the following etiological factors emerge out.

Female Infertility

1. Mithyachara:

The heading includes mithya ahara (abnormal diet) and mithya vihara (abnormal mode of life) both.

Abnormal diet:  It refers  to excessive, mal or inadequate diet along with noncongenial, unwholesome, unhygienic and incompatible food. Over eating may cause various gynecological disorders by producing over body weight, obesity and diabetes etc. while in adequate or mal intake may cause nutritional deficiency like weakness and emaciation resulting into menstrual problems.

Abnormal mode of life:  Coitus in abnormal body postures or with a weak or young woman by a strong man, use of artificial organ for sexual orgasms etc. come under this group. These may produce local ulceration, hyperemia and infections etc. responsible for various gynecological disorders. Besides these also reflects abnormal psychology of individuals, these psychosomatic abnormalities are causes of gynecological disorders.

2. Pradusta Artava : The word artava refers to ovarian hormones, ovum and menstrual blood. Ovum is the egg, menstrual blood is a result of endometrial changes brought about by hormones and reflects the status of reproductive system as well as hormones. It is never a cause of disease. Thus here artava refers to hormones. Ovarian hormones are causative factor for a good number of gynecological disorders.

3. Beejadosha (abnormalities of sperm or ovum): Various  chromosomal or genetic abnormalities  come under this group.

4. Daiva (God) : Unknown or idiopathic factors come under this category.

Infertility According to Ayurveda

What are the factors involved in creating a healthy child? According to Maharishi Ayurveda, conception takes place due to healthy sperm, a healthy ovum, and a healthy uterus. For both men and women, reproductive health depends on the health of the shukra dhatu, or reproductive tissue. In women the shukra tissue creates the ovum as part of the monthly cycle, and in men the semen is formed due to sexual stimulation. The shukra tissue itself is created as part of a long chain of metabolic transformations, starting with the digestion of food and including the transformation of food to nutrient fluid, blood, muscle, fat, bone, bone marrow and finally, to shukra tissue. Healthy shukra tissue, then, according to ayurveda, depends on the health of all the other tissues (dhatus) in the body.